A Climate Park is an ecosystem-based adaptation that adds value to and reduces risk from land by providing a combination of ecosystem services including:
The Climate Park System
A Climate Park is an integrated system that uses pioneer plant species, such as mangroves or wetland plants, to hold together shorelines or riverbanks and help buttress them from storms and floods. These species can also help remove salts from groundwater, provide habitat for birds and fish, sequester carbon, and provide a scenic place for recreation. To this we can link aquaculture and use the nutrient-rich waste water for irrigation, either of food crops or energy crops, depending on the salinity. Where the salt gradient is suitable, or as been lowered over time by the pioneer species, we can introduce agriculture with high-yield succession planting, providing meaningful jobs and even attracting people back from the city.
This core community development, which is done in close coordination with the local people, provides resilience, opportunity and quality of life. The return of wildlife, either on land or in the sea, brings tourists and further opportunity. Meanwhile, the plants are cleaning the air and water and locking away excess carbon, improving both the local micro-climate, and the global climate.